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Wednesday, January 7, 2015

☢ Radiation From Cumbrian Nuclear-Plant Found in Food 80 Miles Away ☢

"There is no safe level of radiation. Nuclear technology... poses an ongoing threat to public health."
There is no safe level of radiation
The Daily Mail reports that Radiation released from the Cumbrian Nuclear Plant have been found 80 miles away across the border. Traces of radiation were found in fruit, potatoes and vegetables near to Dounreay nuclear power station in Caithness, in the far north-east of Scotland

Nuclear waste released from the Cumbrian reprocessing site has made fish and shellfish caught off the Dumfriesshire coast slightly radioactive.

And fish-fans in Dumfriesshire have the highest exposure to nuclear radiation of anyone north of the Border.
Despite Sellafield nuclear station being situated 80 miles away, the new report reveals that the nuclear power station is still having an impact on Scotland.

And although the levels are within safe EU limits, Sellafield and Scottish nuclear power stations have infiltrated the food chain here.

Dr Richard Dixon, director of Friends of the Earth Scotland, said: "There is no safe level of radiation. Nuclear technology... poses an ongoing threat to public health."

Traces of radiation were found in fruit, potatoes and vegetables near to Dounreay nuclear power station in Caithness, in the far north-east of Scotland.

Whilst in Chapelcross, in Dumfriesshire, nuclear radiation has made its way into the milk.

Where as at Faslane, near Helensburgh, Dunbartonshire, the destination of Britain's nuclear submarines where liquid radioactive waste is discharged into the Gareloch, beef has been revealed to contain a small amount of radiation.

The Radioactivity in Food and the Environment (RIFE) report by the Scottish Environment Protection Agency (Sepa)- the Environment Agency and the Food Standards Agency (FSA) - has revealed the true extent of radiation exposure in the new report.

A spokesman for the FSA in Scotland said: "There are low levels of radiation present naturally in the environment.

"Then there are nuclear sites which discharge material as an aerial discharge into the air or liquid discharge into the sea. The discharge from the sea is more likely to affect fish and aerial discharge will get into the land.
"These are, however, very small levels of no concern to anybody."

The findings also reveal the type of person likely to have been exposed to the highest dose of radioactivity in 2013 and showed that in Scotland, those susceptible to the highest dose would be an adult eating fish caught off Dumfriesshire.

They would have consumed 0.44 MILLISIEVERTs - around 4 per cent of the EU safe limit, whilst close to Dounreay adults who consume green vegetables will get the most radiation.

The unborn children of pregnant women living within 550 yards of the Hunterston B site, in North Ayrshire - one of Scotland's two working nuclear power stations -would received the highest dose there.

Dr Richard Dixon, director of Friends of the Earth Scotland, said: "There is no safe level of radiation. Nuclear technology... poses an ongoing threat to public health."

A spokesman for Dounreay Site Restoration said: "The levels of radioactivity found in the vicinity of Dounreay are within the limits laid down in law."

A Scottish Government spokesman said: "There are stringent regulatory regimes in place for protecting the public and the environment from radiation."

The 2014 RIFE Report show doses received by members of the public living near sites, and across Scotland, were well within legal dose limits."

It should be made clear that after Fukushima the EU and US raised the maximum legal radiation dose limit.

From http://www.activistpost.com/2011/04/eu-follows-epa-raises-acceptable.html

In the US according to PEER (Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility, the new standards would result in a “nearly 1000-fold increase for exposure to strontium-90, a 3000 to 100,000-fold hike for exposure to iodine-131; and an almost 25,000 rise for exposure to radioactive nickel-63” in drinking water.

EU ordinance 297/2011 raises the Maximum Levels of radiation and radioactive isotopes for food and feed to rather serious levels. In some cases, such as the case of Cesium-134 and Cesium-137, the levels are actually twice the amount of previously acceptable levels. Many of these increases are allowed in products such as infant formula and baby foods.

It should be noted that so far the new EU changes only apply to food imported from Japan. The justification behind this is that in the event of a nuclear emergency the traditional levels of acceptable radiation should be ignored so as not to cause a food shortage as a result of legal constraints.

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Geiger Counters - Radiation Detection Meters - Handheld Radiation Detector



When it comes to radiation detection meters you really have a wide field of gadgets to choose from, however radiation detectors are the most common to use. First of all if you need to know what type of radiation you are looking for. There are Alpha, Beta and Gamma radiation detectors. And also there is neutron emission of nuclear radiation. And all these different types of emissions have radiation detectors for a specific type of radiation that you can buy radiation detector for. Some also measure both Alpha and Beta. Others detect Alpha, Beta and Gamma. While others let you measure Beta and Gamma radiation.



What most people have use for though are Dosimeters you can buy a handheld radiation detector pretty cheap that are good addition to a survival kit. There are different kinds that you can use that will detect radiation. There are radiation badges that will tell you when radiation become high. Workers at nuclear power plants use these to inform them of how much radiation they have been exposed to. Now also children in the Fukushima prefecture have each been given a radiation badge so they know if they are exposed to radiation. Some come in the shape of a pen that you can carry in your pocket while other are made more compact so that you can attach them to your keychain. And then you have what is called a personal radiation monitor. These are also called Dosimeters and also normally called Geiger counters. Although not all use the Geiger-Muller Tube for the radiation detection some use a semiconductor instead. These and mostly the older geiger counters seen are pretty big to carry around, so they might not be best suited for a survival situation where you only need to carry the most important things. However if you have land and want to check radiation around the property and drinking water then these are the geiger counters to get because they are very well built units.

These are the once that you normally see people use. They have different units of radiation detection, because when it comes to radiation there are many standards used. some give the measurements in Rads, while other use Sieverts. Some have the maximum radiation value for the measured radioactivity quite low but they will still give you an idea of the amount of radiation in the area. With the units ranging from between background radiation 0.001 mSv/hr all the way up to 10 Sv/h. Normally a dosimeter will measure radiation in micro siverts per hour. If you were to walk into one of the reactor units at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plant you probably would get an error reading from your dosimeter because the radiation levels are so high there.

Note that some places outside the exclusion zone in Fukushima that are too radioactive for people to live in have areas where the radiation levels are above 30 Sv/h. So if you are in a area that have high radiation the radiation detectors would also there go off the scale. However Geiger counters or radiation detectors are still favored as general purpose alpha/beta/gamma portable radiation detectors and radiation detection equipment, due to their low cost and robustness. Most come with an LCD Display that show you the radioactivity in the area. Nowdays you will even get alarm sound and the possibility to connect the device to a computer. Either with a Infrared, Bluetooth or USB connection.

So if you look at the radiation detectors for sale that have this, then these radiation detection meters will allow you to make maps of contaminated areas that show where the radiation is high and low. This also will help you to see which areas are becoming more contaminated over time. With several nuclear reactors in the US and around the world located near fault zones that makes it a danger if a big earthquake would hit the area there is always a good choice to have a radiation dosimeter avaliable. I'm sure many in Fukushima would have been grateful to have dosimeters avaliable at the time of the disaster and I am sure you to would be grateful to have a geiger counter handy when you need one.

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